Moral circle expansion
Our moral circle refers to who we do and do not think of as worthy of moral concern. My research aims to understand what shapes these judgments. This includes factors about the person making the judgement, and factors about the entity being judged. I am particularly interested in how we ascribe moral concern to distant others, such as people who live far away or who are not yet born, non-human animals, and artificial entities. In this work I also examine how children and adults differ in their ascriptions of moral worth - finding that children appear to be much more willing to grant moral concern to distant others.
Unusually altruistic groups
Most people are kind and generous towards friends and family. But some people engage in acts of altruism towards distant others - such as non-directed kidney donation. My research aims to understand what is unique about those who engage in unusually altruistic acts. To date, I have conducted research with people who have taken the Giving What We Can pledge to donate at least 10% of their income to effective charities, and with children who choose to become vegetarian in meat-eating families. I am always interested in meeting and working with other altruistic groups or individuals!
We often see natural things as good and unnatural things as bad. In some cases, we even see them as moral and immoral. But we know little about how these beliefs emerge or why they exist at all. My research aims to understand this. I am also particularly interested in naturalness in the context of cultured meat - a novel food technology that allows for the production of meat without industrial farming. My work shows that children as young as 5 years already prefer natural foods and that the rejection of cultured meat is associated with certain emotion-based traits such as digust sensitivity and concerns about purity.